English: understand

English verb 'understand' conjugated in all tenses

Bookmark and Share

Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to understand
Participle: understood
Gerund: understanding

Indicative

Present

Iunderstand
youunderstand
he;she;itunderstands
weunderstand
youunderstand
theyunderstand

Perfect

Ihave understood
youhave understood
he;she;ithas understood
wehave understood
youhave understood
theyhave understood

Past

Iunderstood
youunderstood
he;she;itunderstood
weunderstood
youunderstood
theyunderstood

Pluperfect

Ihad understood
youhad understood
he;she;ithad understood
wehad understood
youhad understood
theyhad understood

Future

Iwill understand
youwill understand
he;she;itwill understand
wewill understand
youwill understand
theywill understand

Future perfect

Iwill have understood
youwill have understood
he;she;itwill have understood
wewill have understood
youwill have understood
theywill have understood

Subjunctive

Present

Iunderstand
youunderstand
he;she;itunderstand
weunderstand
youunderstand
theyunderstand

Perfect

Ihave understood
youhave understood
he;she;ithave understood
wehave understood
youhave understood
theyhave understood

Imperfect

Iunderstood
youunderstood
he;she;itunderstood
weunderstood
youunderstood
theyunderstood

Pluperfect

Ihad understood
youhad understood
he;she;ithad understood
wehad understood
youhad understood
theyhad understood

Conditional

Present

Iwould understand
youwould understand
he;she;itwould understand
wewould understand
youwould understand
theywould understand

Perfect

Iwould have understood
youwould have understood
he;she;itwould have understood
wewould have understood
youwould have understood
theywould have understood

Imperative

youunderstand
weLet's understand
youunderstand

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam understanding
youare understanding
he;she;itis understanding
weare understanding
youare understanding
theyare understanding

Perfect

Ihave been understanding
youhave been understanding
he;she;ithas been understanding
wehave been understanding
youhave been understanding
theyhave been understanding

Past

Iwas understanding
youwere understanding
he;she;itwas understanding
wewere understanding
youwere understanding
theywere understanding

Pluperfect

Ihad been understanding
youhad been understanding
he;she;ithad been understanding
wehad been understanding
youhad been understanding
theyhad been understanding

Future

Iwill be understanding
youwill be understanding
he;she;itwill be understanding
wewill be understanding
youwill be understanding
theywill be understanding

Future perfect

Iwill have been understanding
youwill have been understanding
he;she;itwill have been understanding
wewill have been understanding
youwill have been understanding
theywill have been understanding

Conditional

Present

Iwould be understanding
youwould be understanding
he;she;itwould be understanding
wewould be understanding
youwould be understanding
theywould be understanding

Perfect

Iwould have been understanding
youwould have been understanding
he;she;itwould have been understanding
wewould have been understanding
youwould have been understanding
theywould have been understanding

Verbs conjugated like understand

misunderstand, outstand, stand, understand, withstand,

Additional Information

Phrasal Verbs

Etymology

O.E. understandan "comprehend, grasp the idea of," probably lit. "stand in the midst of," from under + standan "to stand" (see stand). If this is the meaning, the under is not the usual word meaning "beneath," but from O.E. under, from PIE *nter- "between, among" (cf. Skt. antar "among, between," L. inter "between, among," Gk. entera "intestines;" see inter-). But the exact notion is unclear. Perhaps the ult. sense is "be close to," cf. Gk. epistamai "I know how, I know," lit. "I stand upon." Similar formations are found in O.Fris. (understonda), M.Dan. (understande), while other Gmc. languages use compounds meaning "stand before" (cf. Ger. verstehen, represented in O.E. by forstanden ). For this concept, most I.E. languages use fig. extensions of compounds that lit. mean "put together," or "separate," or "take, grasp."