English: swear

English verb 'swear' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to swear
Participle: sworn
Gerund: swearing

Indicative

Present

Iswear
youswear
he;she;itswears
weswear
youswear
theyswear

Perfect

Ihave sworn
youhave sworn
he;she;ithas sworn
wehave sworn
youhave sworn
theyhave sworn

Past

Iswore
youswore
he;she;itswore
weswore
youswore
theyswore

Pluperfect

Ihad sworn
youhad sworn
he;she;ithad sworn
wehad sworn
youhad sworn
theyhad sworn

Future

Iwill swear
youwill swear
he;she;itwill swear
wewill swear
youwill swear
theywill swear

Future perfect

Iwill have sworn
youwill have sworn
he;she;itwill have sworn
wewill have sworn
youwill have sworn
theywill have sworn

Subjunctive

Present

Iswear
youswear
he;she;itswear
weswear
youswear
theyswear

Perfect

Ihave sworn
youhave sworn
he;she;ithave sworn
wehave sworn
youhave sworn
theyhave sworn

Imperfect

Iswore
youswore
he;she;itswore
weswore
youswore
theyswore

Pluperfect

Ihad sworn
youhad sworn
he;she;ithad sworn
wehad sworn
youhad sworn
theyhad sworn

Conditional

Present

Iwould swear
youwould swear
he;she;itwould swear
wewould swear
youwould swear
theywould swear

Perfect

Iwould have sworn
youwould have sworn
he;she;itwould have sworn
wewould have sworn
youwould have sworn
theywould have sworn

Imperative

youswear
weLet's swear
youswear

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam swearing
youare swearing
he;she;itis swearing
weare swearing
youare swearing
theyare swearing

Perfect

Ihave been swearing
youhave been swearing
he;she;ithas been swearing
wehave been swearing
youhave been swearing
theyhave been swearing

Past

Iwas swearing
youwere swearing
he;she;itwas swearing
wewere swearing
youwere swearing
theywere swearing

Pluperfect

Ihad been swearing
youhad been swearing
he;she;ithad been swearing
wehad been swearing
youhad been swearing
theyhad been swearing

Future

Iwill be swearing
youwill be swearing
he;she;itwill be swearing
wewill be swearing
youwill be swearing
theywill be swearing

Future perfect

Iwill have been swearing
youwill have been swearing
he;she;itwill have been swearing
wewill have been swearing
youwill have been swearing
theywill have been swearing

Conditional

Present

Iwould be swearing
youwould be swearing
he;she;itwould be swearing
wewould be swearing
youwould be swearing
theywould be swearing

Perfect

Iwould have been swearing
youwould have been swearing
he;she;itwould have been swearing
wewould have been swearing
youwould have been swearing
theywould have been swearing

Verbs conjugated like swear

forswear, outwear, swear, tear, wear,

Additional Information

Phrasal Verbs

Etymology

O.E. swerian "take an oath" (class VI strong verb; past tense swor, pp. sworen), from P.Gmc. *swarjanan, from root *swar- (cf. O.S. swerian, O.N. sverja, Dan. sverge, O.Fris. swera, M.Du. swaren, O.H.G. swerien, Ger. schwören, Goth. swaren "to swear"), from PIE base *swer- "to speak, say" (cf. O.C.S. svara "quarrel"). Also related to the second element in answer. The secondary sense of "use bad language" (c.1430) developed from the notion of "invoke sacred names." Swear-word is Amer.Eng. colloquial from 1883. Swear off "desist as with a vow" is from 1898.