English: spring

English verb 'spring' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to spring
Participle: sprung
Gerund: springing

Indicative

Present

Ispring
youspring
he;she;itsprings
wespring
youspring
theyspring

Perfect

Ihave sprung
youhave sprung
he;she;ithas sprung
wehave sprung
youhave sprung
theyhave sprung

Past

Isprang; sprung
yousprang; sprung
he;she;itsprang; sprung
wesprang; sprung
yousprang; sprung
theysprang; sprung

Pluperfect

Ihad sprung
youhad sprung
he;she;ithad sprung
wehad sprung
youhad sprung
theyhad sprung

Future

Iwill spring
youwill spring
he;she;itwill spring
wewill spring
youwill spring
theywill spring

Future perfect

Iwill have sprung
youwill have sprung
he;she;itwill have sprung
wewill have sprung
youwill have sprung
theywill have sprung

Subjunctive

Present

Ispring
youspring
he;she;itspring
wespring
youspring
theyspring

Perfect

Ihave sprung
youhave sprung
he;she;ithave sprung
wehave sprung
youhave sprung
theyhave sprung

Imperfect

Isprang; sprung
yousprang; sprung
he;she;itsprang; sprung
wesprang; sprung
yousprang; sprung
theysprang; sprung

Pluperfect

Ihad sprung
youhad sprung
he;she;ithad sprung
wehad sprung
youhad sprung
theyhad sprung

Conditional

Present

Iwould spring
youwould spring
he;she;itwould spring
wewould spring
youwould spring
theywould spring

Perfect

Iwould have sprung
youwould have sprung
he;she;itwould have sprung
wewould have sprung
youwould have sprung
theywould have sprung

Imperative

youspring
weLet's spring
youspring

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam springing
youare springing
he;she;itis springing
weare springing
youare springing
theyare springing

Perfect

Ihave been springing
youhave been springing
he;she;ithas been springing
wehave been springing
youhave been springing
theyhave been springing

Past

Iwas springing
youwere springing
he;she;itwas springing
wewere springing
youwere springing
theywere springing

Pluperfect

Ihad been springing
youhad been springing
he;she;ithad been springing
wehad been springing
youhad been springing
theyhad been springing

Future

Iwill be springing
youwill be springing
he;she;itwill be springing
wewill be springing
youwill be springing
theywill be springing

Future perfect

Iwill have been springing
youwill have been springing
he;she;itwill have been springing
wewill have been springing
youwill have been springing
theywill have been springing

Conditional

Present

Iwould be springing
youwould be springing
he;she;itwould be springing
wewould be springing
youwould be springing
theywould be springing

Perfect

Iwould have been springing
youwould have been springing
he;she;itwould have been springing
wewould have been springing
youwould have been springing
theywould have been springing

Verbs conjugated like spring

pre-shrink, shrink, sing, spring, stink,

Additional Information

The form where the 'i' in the stem is replaced with 'u' is used in American English.

Etymology

O.E. springan "to leap, burst forth, fly up" (class III strong verb; past tense sprang, pp. sprungen), from P.Gmc. *sprenganan (cf. O.N., O.Fris. springa, M.Du. springhen, O.H.G. springan, Ger. springen), from PIE *sprengh- "rapid movement" (cf. Skt. sprhayati "desires eagerly," Gk. sperkhesthai "to hurry"). In M.E., it took on the role of causal sprenge, from O.E. sprengan (as still in to spring a trap, etc.). Slang meaning "to pay" (for a treat, etc.) is arecorded from 1906. Meaning "to announce suddenly" (usually with on) is from 1876. Meaning "to release" (from imprisonment) is from 1900. The noun meaning "act of springing or leaping" is from c.1450. The elastic coil that returns to its shape when stretched is so called from 1428, originally in clocks and watches. As a device in carriages, coaches, etc., it is attested from 1665. From c.1300 the noun had a general sense of "action or time of rising or springing into existence," and was used of sunrise, the waxing of the moon, rising tides, etc., a sense preserved in spring (n.1). Springer as a type of spaniel is recorded from 1808.