English: speak

English verb 'speak' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to speak
Participle: spoken
Gerund: speaking

Indicative

Present

Ispeak
youspeak
he;she;itspeaks
wespeak
youspeak
theyspeak

Perfect

Ihave spoken; spoke
youhave spoken; spoke
he;she;ithas spoken; spoke
wehave spoken; spoke
youhave spoken; spoke
theyhave spoken; spoke

Past

Ispoke
youspoke
he;she;itspoke
wespoke
youspoke
theyspoke

Pluperfect

Ihad spoken; spoke
youhad spoken; spoke
he;she;ithad spoken; spoke
wehad spoken; spoke
youhad spoken; spoke
theyhad spoken; spoke

Future

Iwill speak
youwill speak
he;she;itwill speak
wewill speak
youwill speak
theywill speak

Future perfect

Iwill have spoken; spoke
youwill have spoken; spoke
he;she;itwill have spoken; spoke
wewill have spoken; spoke
youwill have spoken; spoke
theywill have spoken; spoke

Subjunctive

Present

Ispeak
youspeak
he;she;itspeak
wespeak
youspeak
theyspeak

Perfect

Ihave spoken; spoke
youhave spoken; spoke
he;she;ithave spoken; spoke
wehave spoken; spoke
youhave spoken; spoke
theyhave spoken; spoke

Imperfect

Ispoke
youspoke
he;she;itspoke
wespoke
youspoke
theyspoke

Pluperfect

Ihad spoken; spoke
youhad spoken; spoke
he;she;ithad spoken; spoke
wehad spoken; spoke
youhad spoken; spoke
theyhad spoken; spoke

Conditional

Present

Iwould speak
youwould speak
he;she;itwould speak
wewould speak
youwould speak
theywould speak

Perfect

Iwould have spoken; spoke
youwould have spoken; spoke
he;she;itwould have spoken; spoke
wewould have spoken; spoke
youwould have spoken; spoke
theywould have spoken; spoke

Imperative

youspeak
weLet's speak
youspeak

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam speaking
youare speaking
he;she;itis speaking
weare speaking
youare speaking
theyare speaking

Perfect

Ihave been speaking
youhave been speaking
he;she;ithas been speaking
wehave been speaking
youhave been speaking
theyhave been speaking

Past

Iwas speaking
youwere speaking
he;she;itwas speaking
wewere speaking
youwere speaking
theywere speaking

Pluperfect

Ihad been speaking
youhad been speaking
he;she;ithad been speaking
wehad been speaking
youhad been speaking
theyhad been speaking

Future

Iwill be speaking
youwill be speaking
he;she;itwill be speaking
wewill be speaking
youwill be speaking
theywill be speaking

Future perfect

Iwill have been speaking
youwill have been speaking
he;she;itwill have been speaking
wewill have been speaking
youwill have been speaking
theywill have been speaking

Conditional

Present

Iwould be speaking
youwould be speaking
he;she;itwould be speaking
wewould be speaking
youwould be speaking
theywould be speaking

Perfect

Iwould have been speaking
youwould have been speaking
he;she;itwould have been speaking
wewould have been speaking
youwould have been speaking
theywould have been speaking

Verbs conjugated like speak

bespeak, break, speak, steal,

Additional Information

Phrasal Verbs

Etymology

O.E. specan, variant of sprecan "to speak" (class V strong verb; past tense spræc, pp. sprecen), from P.Gmc. *sprekanan (cf. O.S. sprecan, O.Fris. spreka, M.Du. spreken, O.H.G. sprehhan, Ger. sprechen "to speak," O.N. spraki "rumor, report"), cognate with L. spargere "to strew" (speech as a "scattering" of words; see sparse). The -r- began to drop out in Late West Saxon and was gone by mid-12c., perhaps from infl. of Dan. spage "crackle," in a slang sense of "speak" (cf. crack in slang senses having to do with speech, e.g. wisecrack, cracker, all it's cracked up to be). Rare variant forms without -r- also are found in M.Du. (speken) and O.H.G. (spehhan). Not the primary word for "to speak" in O.E. ("Beowulf" prefers maþelian, from mæþel "assembly, council," from root of metan "to meet;" cf. Gk. agoreuo "to speak," originally "speak in the assembly," from agora "assembly").