English: sleep

English verb 'sleep' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to sleep
Participle: slept
Gerund: sleeping

Indicative

Present

Isleep
yousleep
he;she;itsleeps
wesleep
yousleep
theysleep

Perfect

Ihave slept
youhave slept
he;she;ithas slept
wehave slept
youhave slept
theyhave slept

Past

Islept
youslept
he;she;itslept
weslept
youslept
theyslept

Pluperfect

Ihad slept
youhad slept
he;she;ithad slept
wehad slept
youhad slept
theyhad slept

Future

Iwill sleep
youwill sleep
he;she;itwill sleep
wewill sleep
youwill sleep
theywill sleep

Future perfect

Iwill have slept
youwill have slept
he;she;itwill have slept
wewill have slept
youwill have slept
theywill have slept

Subjunctive

Present

Isleep
yousleep
he;she;itsleep
wesleep
yousleep
theysleep

Perfect

Ihave slept
youhave slept
he;she;ithave slept
wehave slept
youhave slept
theyhave slept

Imperfect

Islept
youslept
he;she;itslept
weslept
youslept
theyslept

Pluperfect

Ihad slept
youhad slept
he;she;ithad slept
wehad slept
youhad slept
theyhad slept

Conditional

Present

Iwould sleep
youwould sleep
he;she;itwould sleep
wewould sleep
youwould sleep
theywould sleep

Perfect

Iwould have slept
youwould have slept
he;she;itwould have slept
wewould have slept
youwould have slept
theywould have slept

Imperative

yousleep
weLet's sleep
yousleep

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam sleeping
youare sleeping
he;she;itis sleeping
weare sleeping
youare sleeping
theyare sleeping

Perfect

Ihave been sleeping
youhave been sleeping
he;she;ithas been sleeping
wehave been sleeping
youhave been sleeping
theyhave been sleeping

Past

Iwas sleeping
youwere sleeping
he;she;itwas sleeping
wewere sleeping
youwere sleeping
theywere sleeping

Pluperfect

Ihad been sleeping
youhad been sleeping
he;she;ithad been sleeping
wehad been sleeping
youhad been sleeping
theyhad been sleeping

Future

Iwill be sleeping
youwill be sleeping
he;she;itwill be sleeping
wewill be sleeping
youwill be sleeping
theywill be sleeping

Future perfect

Iwill have been sleeping
youwill have been sleeping
he;she;itwill have been sleeping
wewill have been sleeping
youwill have been sleeping
theywill have been sleeping

Conditional

Present

Iwould be sleeping
youwould be sleeping
he;she;itwould be sleeping
wewould be sleeping
youwould be sleeping
theywould be sleeping

Perfect

Iwould have been sleeping
youwould have been sleeping
he;she;itwould have been sleeping
wewould have been sleeping
youwould have been sleeping
theywould have been sleeping

Verbs conjugated like sleep

creep, feel, keep, lose, oversleep, sleep, sweep, weep,

Additional Information

Cf. Old English crēopan (creep), hlēapan (leap), sl<#_>æpan (sleep), swāpan (sweep) and wēpan (weep).

Etymology

O.E. slæpan "to sleep" (class VII strong verb; past tense slep, pp. slæpen), from W.Gmc. *slæpanan (cf. O.S. slapan, O.Fris. slepa, M.Du. slapen, Du. slapen, O.H.G. slafen, Ger. schlafen, Goth. slepan "to sleep"), from PIE base *sleb- "to be weak, sleep" (cf. O.C.S. slabu, Lith. silpnas "weak"), which is perhaps connected to the root of slack (adj.). Sleep with "do the sex act with" is in O.E.
"Gif hwa fæmnan beswice unbeweddode, and hire mid slæpe ..." [Laws of King Alfred, c.900]
Sleep around first attested 1928. Sleeping sickness as a specific African tropical disease is first recorded 1875. Sleepless is from 1412; sleepy first attested c.1225.