English: say

English verb 'say' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to say
Participle: said
Gerund: saying

Indicative

Present

Isay
yousay
he;she;itsays
wesay
yousay
theysay

Perfect

Ihave said
youhave said
he;she;ithas said
wehave said
youhave said
theyhave said

Past

Isaid
yousaid
he;she;itsaid
wesaid
yousaid
theysaid

Pluperfect

Ihad said
youhad said
he;she;ithad said
wehad said
youhad said
theyhad said

Future

Iwill say
youwill say
he;she;itwill say
wewill say
youwill say
theywill say

Future perfect

Iwill have said
youwill have said
he;she;itwill have said
wewill have said
youwill have said
theywill have said

Subjunctive

Present

Isay
yousay
he;she;itsay
wesay
yousay
theysay

Perfect

Ihave said
youhave said
he;she;ithave said
wehave said
youhave said
theyhave said

Imperfect

Isaid
yousaid
he;she;itsaid
wesaid
yousaid
theysaid

Pluperfect

Ihad said
youhad said
he;she;ithad said
wehad said
youhad said
theyhad said

Conditional

Present

Iwould say
youwould say
he;she;itwould say
wewould say
youwould say
theywould say

Perfect

Iwould have said
youwould have said
he;she;itwould have said
wewould have said
youwould have said
theywould have said

Imperative

yousay
weLet's say
yousay

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam saying
youare saying
he;she;itis saying
weare saying
youare saying
theyare saying

Perfect

Ihave been saying
youhave been saying
he;she;ithas been saying
wehave been saying
youhave been saying
theyhave been saying

Past

Iwas saying
youwere saying
he;she;itwas saying
wewere saying
youwere saying
theywere saying

Pluperfect

Ihad been saying
youhad been saying
he;she;ithad been saying
wehad been saying
youhad been saying
theyhad been saying

Future

Iwill be saying
youwill be saying
he;she;itwill be saying
wewill be saying
youwill be saying
theywill be saying

Future perfect

Iwill have been saying
youwill have been saying
he;she;itwill have been saying
wewill have been saying
youwill have been saying
theywill have been saying

Conditional

Present

Iwould be saying
youwould be saying
he;she;itwould be saying
wewould be saying
youwould be saying
theywould be saying

Perfect

Iwould have been saying
youwould have been saying
he;she;itwould have been saying
wewould have been saying
youwould have been saying
theywould have been saying

Additional Information

Cf. Old English secgan.

Phrasal Verbs

Etymology

O.E. secgan "to utter, say," from P.Gmc. *sagjanan (cf. O.S. seggian, O.N. segja, O.Fris. sedsa, M.Du. segghen, Du. zeggen, O.H.G. sagen, Ger. sagen "to say"), from PIE *sokei-, probably from base *seq- "point out" (cf. Hitt. shakiya- "to declare," Lith. sakyti "to say," O.C.S. sociti "to vindicate, show," O.Ir. insce "speech," O.Latin inseque "to tell say"). Past tense said developed from O.E. segde. Not attested in use with inanimate objects (clocks, signs, etc.) as subjects before 1930. You said it "you're right" first recorded 1919; you can say that again as a phrase expressing agreement is recorded from 1942, Amer.Eng. You don't say (so) as an expression of astonishment (often ironic) is first recorded 1779, Amer.Eng.