English: run

English verb 'run' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to run
Participle: run
Gerund: running

Indicative

Present

Irun
yourun
he;she;itruns
werun
yourun
theyrun

Perfect

Ihave run
youhave run
he;she;ithas run
wehave run
youhave run
theyhave run

Past

Iran
youran
he;she;itran
weran
youran
theyran

Pluperfect

Ihad run
youhad run
he;she;ithad run
wehad run
youhad run
theyhad run

Future

Iwill run
youwill run
he;she;itwill run
wewill run
youwill run
theywill run

Future perfect

Iwill have run
youwill have run
he;she;itwill have run
wewill have run
youwill have run
theywill have run

Subjunctive

Present

Irun
yourun
he;she;itrun
werun
yourun
theyrun

Perfect

Ihave run
youhave run
he;she;ithave run
wehave run
youhave run
theyhave run

Imperfect

Iran
youran
he;she;itran
weran
youran
theyran

Pluperfect

Ihad run
youhad run
he;she;ithad run
wehad run
youhad run
theyhad run

Conditional

Present

Iwould run
youwould run
he;she;itwould run
wewould run
youwould run
theywould run

Perfect

Iwould have run
youwould have run
he;she;itwould have run
wewould have run
youwould have run
theywould have run

Imperative

yourun
weLet's run
yourun

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam running
youare running
he;she;itis running
weare running
youare running
theyare running

Perfect

Ihave been running
youhave been running
he;she;ithas been running
wehave been running
youhave been running
theyhave been running

Past

Iwas running
youwere running
he;she;itwas running
wewere running
youwere running
theywere running

Pluperfect

Ihad been running
youhad been running
he;she;ithad been running
wehad been running
youhad been running
theyhad been running

Future

Iwill be running
youwill be running
he;she;itwill be running
wewill be running
youwill be running
theywill be running

Future perfect

Iwill have been running
youwill have been running
he;she;itwill have been running
wewill have been running
youwill have been running
theywill have been running

Conditional

Present

Iwould be running
youwould be running
he;she;itwould be running
wewould be running
youwould be running
theywould be running

Perfect

Iwould have been running
youwould have been running
he;she;itwould have been running
wewould have been running
youwould have been running
theywould have been running

Verbs conjugated like run

forerun, outrun, overrun, run,

Additional Information

Cf. Old English strong verb irnan, iernan (eornan) .

Etymology

the modern verb is a merger of two related O.E. words. The first is rinnan, irnan (strong, intransitive, pt. ran, pp. runnen), from P.Gmc. *renwanan (cf. M.Du. runnen, O.S., O.H.G., Goth. rinnan, Ger. rinnen "to flow, run"), from PIE base *ren- "to run." The sense of "cause to run" is from O.E. ærnan, earnan (weak, transitive, probably a metathesis of *rennan), from P.Gmc. *rannjanan, causative of the root *ren- "run." Of streams, etc., from c.1205; of machinery, from 1562. Meaning "to be in charge of" is first attested 1861, originally Amer.Eng. Meaning "to seek office in an election" is from 1826, Amer.Eng. Phrase run for it "take flight" is attested from 1642. Most figurative uses are from horseracing or hunting (cf to run (something) into the ground, 1836, Amer.Eng.), except (to feel) run down (1901) which is from clocks (in the lit. sense, 1761). To run across "meet" is attested from 1880. To run short "exhaust one's supply" is from 1752; to run out of in the same sense is from 1713.