English: read

English verb 'read' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to read
Participle: read
Gerund: reading

Indicative

Present

Iread
youread
he;she;itreads
weread
youread
theyread

Perfect

Ihave read
youhave read
he;she;ithas read
wehave read
youhave read
theyhave read

Past

Iread
youread
he;she;itread
weread
youread
theyread

Pluperfect

Ihad read
youhad read
he;she;ithad read
wehad read
youhad read
theyhad read

Future

Iwill read
youwill read
he;she;itwill read
wewill read
youwill read
theywill read

Future perfect

Iwill have read
youwill have read
he;she;itwill have read
wewill have read
youwill have read
theywill have read

Subjunctive

Present

Iread
youread
he;she;itread
weread
youread
theyread

Perfect

Ihave read
youhave read
he;she;ithave read
wehave read
youhave read
theyhave read

Imperfect

Iread
youread
he;she;itread
weread
youread
theyread

Pluperfect

Ihad read
youhad read
he;she;ithad read
wehad read
youhad read
theyhad read

Conditional

Present

Iwould read
youwould read
he;she;itwould read
wewould read
youwould read
theywould read

Perfect

Iwould have read
youwould have read
he;she;itwould have read
wewould have read
youwould have read
theywould have read

Imperative

youread
weLet's read
youread

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam reading
youare reading
he;she;itis reading
weare reading
youare reading
theyare reading

Perfect

Ihave been reading
youhave been reading
he;she;ithas been reading
wehave been reading
youhave been reading
theyhave been reading

Past

Iwas reading
youwere reading
he;she;itwas reading
wewere reading
youwere reading
theywere reading

Pluperfect

Ihad been reading
youhad been reading
he;she;ithad been reading
wehad been reading
youhad been reading
theyhad been reading

Future

Iwill be reading
youwill be reading
he;she;itwill be reading
wewill be reading
youwill be reading
theywill be reading

Future perfect

Iwill have been reading
youwill have been reading
he;she;itwill have been reading
wewill have been reading
youwill have been reading
theywill have been reading

Conditional

Present

Iwould be reading
youwould be reading
he;she;itwould be reading
wewould be reading
youwould be reading
theywould be reading

Perfect

Iwould have been reading
youwould have been reading
he;she;itwould have been reading
wewould have been reading
youwould have been reading
theywould have been reading

Additional Information

Etymology

O.E. rædan (W.Saxon), redan (Anglian) "to explain, read, rule, advise" (related to ræd, red "advice"), from P.Gmc. *raedanan (cf. O.N. raða, O.Fris. reda, Du. raden, O.H.G. ratan, Ger. raten "to advise, counsel, guess"), from PIE base *rei- "to reason, count" (cf. Skt. radh- "to succeed, accomplish," Gk. arithmos "number amount," O.C.S. raditi "to take thought, attend to," O.Ir. im-radim "to deliberate, consider"). Connected to riddle via notion of "interpret." Words from this root in most modern Gmc. languages still mean "counsel, advise." Transference to "understand the meaning of written symbols" is unique to O.E. and (perhaps under Eng. influence) O.N. raða. Most languages use a word rooted in the idea of "gather up" as their word for "read" (cf. Fr. lire, from L. legere). Sense of "make out the character of (a person)" is attested from 1611. The noun meaning "an act of reading" is recorded from 1825. Read up "study" is from 1842; read-only in computer jargon is recorded from 1961. O.E. ræda "advise, counsel" is in the name of Anglo-Saxon king Æðelræd II (968-1016), lit. "good counsel," and in his epithet Unræd, usually rendered into Mod.Eng. as Unready, but really meaning "no-counsel." Rede "counsel" survived in poetic usage to 17c. An attempted revival by Scott (19c.) failed, though it is used in Tolkien's "Lord of the Rings."