English: play

English verb 'play' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to play
Participle: played
Gerund: playing

Indicative

Present

Iplay
youplay
he;she;itplays
weplay
youplay
theyplay

Perfect

Ihave played
youhave played
he;she;ithas played
wehave played
youhave played
theyhave played

Past

Iplayed
youplayed
he;she;itplayed
weplayed
youplayed
theyplayed

Pluperfect

Ihad played
youhad played
he;she;ithad played
wehad played
youhad played
theyhad played

Future

Iwill play
youwill play
he;she;itwill play
wewill play
youwill play
theywill play

Future perfect

Iwill have played
youwill have played
he;she;itwill have played
wewill have played
youwill have played
theywill have played

Subjunctive

Present

Iplay
youplay
he;she;itplay
weplay
youplay
theyplay

Perfect

Ihave played
youhave played
he;she;ithave played
wehave played
youhave played
theyhave played

Imperfect

Iplayed
youplayed
he;she;itplayed
weplayed
youplayed
theyplayed

Pluperfect

Ihad played
youhad played
he;she;ithad played
wehad played
youhad played
theyhad played

Conditional

Present

Iwould play
youwould play
he;she;itwould play
wewould play
youwould play
theywould play

Perfect

Iwould have played
youwould have played
he;she;itwould have played
wewould have played
youwould have played
theywould have played

Imperative

youplay
weLet's play
youplay

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam playing
youare playing
he;she;itis playing
weare playing
youare playing
theyare playing

Perfect

Ihave been playing
youhave been playing
he;she;ithas been playing
wehave been playing
youhave been playing
theyhave been playing

Past

Iwas playing
youwere playing
he;she;itwas playing
wewere playing
youwere playing
theywere playing

Pluperfect

Ihad been playing
youhad been playing
he;she;ithad been playing
wehad been playing
youhad been playing
theyhad been playing

Future

Iwill be playing
youwill be playing
he;she;itwill be playing
wewill be playing
youwill be playing
theywill be playing

Future perfect

Iwill have been playing
youwill have been playing
he;she;itwill have been playing
wewill have been playing
youwill have been playing
theywill have been playing

Conditional

Present

Iwould be playing
youwould be playing
he;she;itwould be playing
wewould be playing
youwould be playing
theywould be playing

Perfect

Iwould have been playing
youwould have been playing
he;she;itwould have been playing
wewould have been playing
youwould have been playing
theywould have been playing

Additional Information

Etymology

O.E. plegian "to exercise, frolic, perform music," from W.Gmc. *plegan (cf. M.Du. pleyen "to rejoice, be glad"), of uncertain origin. Opposed to work (v.) since 1377. Playground is attested from 1780. Playmate is from 1642 in the innocent sense, from 1954 in the sexual sense; playboy "wealthy bon vivant" is from 1829; fem. equivalent playgirl is first recorded 1934. Plaything is from 1675. To play up "emphasize" is from 1909; to play down "minimize" is from 1930. To play with oneself "masturbate" is from 1896; play for keeps is from 1861, originally of marbles or other children's games with tokens. To play the (something) card is attested from 1886; to play fair is from c.1440. Play-dough is first recorded 1959. To play (something) safe is from 1911; to play favorites is attested from 1902. For play the field see field.