English: leave

English verb 'leave' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to leave
Participle: left
Gerund: leaving

Indicative

Present

Ileave
youleave
he;she;itleaves
weleave
youleave
theyleave

Perfect

Ihave left
youhave left
he;she;ithas left
wehave left
youhave left
theyhave left

Past

Ileft
youleft
he;she;itleft
weleft
youleft
theyleft

Pluperfect

Ihad left
youhad left
he;she;ithad left
wehad left
youhad left
theyhad left

Future

Iwill leave
youwill leave
he;she;itwill leave
wewill leave
youwill leave
theywill leave

Future perfect

Iwill have left
youwill have left
he;she;itwill have left
wewill have left
youwill have left
theywill have left

Subjunctive

Present

Ileave
youleave
he;she;itleave
weleave
youleave
theyleave

Perfect

Ihave left
youhave left
he;she;ithave left
wehave left
youhave left
theyhave left

Imperfect

Ileft
youleft
he;she;itleft
weleft
youleft
theyleft

Pluperfect

Ihad left
youhad left
he;she;ithad left
wehad left
youhad left
theyhad left

Conditional

Present

Iwould leave
youwould leave
he;she;itwould leave
wewould leave
youwould leave
theywould leave

Perfect

Iwould have left
youwould have left
he;she;itwould have left
wewould have left
youwould have left
theywould have left

Imperative

youleave
weLet's leave
youleave

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam leaving
youare leaving
he;she;itis leaving
weare leaving
youare leaving
theyare leaving

Perfect

Ihave been leaving
youhave been leaving
he;she;ithas been leaving
wehave been leaving
youhave been leaving
theyhave been leaving

Past

Iwas leaving
youwere leaving
he;she;itwas leaving
wewere leaving
youwere leaving
theywere leaving

Pluperfect

Ihad been leaving
youhad been leaving
he;she;ithad been leaving
wehad been leaving
youhad been leaving
theyhad been leaving

Future

Iwill be leaving
youwill be leaving
he;she;itwill be leaving
wewill be leaving
youwill be leaving
theywill be leaving

Future perfect

Iwill have been leaving
youwill have been leaving
he;she;itwill have been leaving
wewill have been leaving
youwill have been leaving
theywill have been leaving

Conditional

Present

Iwould be leaving
youwould be leaving
he;she;itwould be leaving
wewould be leaving
youwould be leaving
theywould be leaving

Perfect

Iwould have been leaving
youwould have been leaving
he;she;itwould have been leaving
wewould have been leaving
youwould have been leaving
theywould have been leaving

Verbs conjugated like leave

cleave, leave,

Additional Information

Cf. Old English weak verbs d<#->ælan (deal), l<#->æfan (leave) and m<#->ænan (mean).

Etymology

O.E. læfan "to let remain, remain, bequeath," from P.Gmc. *laibijan (cf. O.Fris. leva "to leave," O.S. farlebid "left over"), causative of *liban "remain," (cf. O.E. belifan, Ger. bleiben, Goth. bileiban "to remain"), from root *laf- "remnant, what remains" (see life, live), from PIE *lip-/*leip-. The Gmc. root has only the sense "remain, continue," which also is in Gk. lipares "persevering, importunate." But this usually is regarded as a development from the primary PIE sense of "adhere, be sticky" (cf. Lith. lipti, O.C.S. lipet "to adhere," Gk. lipos "grease," Skt. rip-/lip- "to smear, adhere to." Seemingly contradictory meaning of "depart" (1225) comes from notion of "to leave behind" (as in to leave the earth "to die;" to leave the field "retreat").