English: hold

English verb 'hold' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to hold
Participle: held
Gerund: holding

Indicative

Present

Ihold
youhold
he;she;itholds
wehold
youhold
theyhold

Perfect

Ihave held; holden
youhave held; holden
he;she;ithas held; holden
wehave held; holden
youhave held; holden
theyhave held; holden

Past

Iheld
youheld
he;she;itheld
weheld
youheld
theyheld

Pluperfect

Ihad held; holden
youhad held; holden
he;she;ithad held; holden
wehad held; holden
youhad held; holden
theyhad held; holden

Future

Iwill hold
youwill hold
he;she;itwill hold
wewill hold
youwill hold
theywill hold

Future perfect

Iwill have held; holden
youwill have held; holden
he;she;itwill have held; holden
wewill have held; holden
youwill have held; holden
theywill have held; holden

Subjunctive

Present

Ihold
youhold
he;she;ithold
wehold
youhold
theyhold

Perfect

Ihave held; holden
youhave held; holden
he;she;ithave held; holden
wehave held; holden
youhave held; holden
theyhave held; holden

Imperfect

Iheld
youheld
he;she;itheld
weheld
youheld
theyheld

Pluperfect

Ihad held; holden
youhad held; holden
he;she;ithad held; holden
wehad held; holden
youhad held; holden
theyhad held; holden

Conditional

Present

Iwould hold
youwould hold
he;she;itwould hold
wewould hold
youwould hold
theywould hold

Perfect

Iwould have held; holden
youwould have held; holden
he;she;itwould have held; holden
wewould have held; holden
youwould have held; holden
theywould have held; holden

Imperative

youhold
weLet's hold
youhold

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam holding
youare holding
he;she;itis holding
weare holding
youare holding
theyare holding

Perfect

Ihave been holding
youhave been holding
he;she;ithas been holding
wehave been holding
youhave been holding
theyhave been holding

Past

Iwas holding
youwere holding
he;she;itwas holding
wewere holding
youwere holding
theywere holding

Pluperfect

Ihad been holding
youhad been holding
he;she;ithad been holding
wehad been holding
youhad been holding
theyhad been holding

Future

Iwill be holding
youwill be holding
he;she;itwill be holding
wewill be holding
youwill be holding
theywill be holding

Future perfect

Iwill have been holding
youwill have been holding
he;she;itwill have been holding
wewill have been holding
youwill have been holding
theywill have been holding

Conditional

Present

Iwould be holding
youwould be holding
he;she;itwould be holding
wewould be holding
youwould be holding
theywould be holding

Perfect

Iwould have been holding
youwould have been holding
he;she;itwould have been holding
wewould have been holding
youwould have been holding
theywould have been holding

Verbs conjugated like hold

behold, hold, uphold, withhold,

Additional Information

Etymology

O.E. haldan (Anglian), healdan (W.Saxon), class VII strong verb (past tense heold, pp. healden), from P.Gmc. *khaldanan (cf. O.N. halda, Du. houden, Ger. halten "to hold," Goth. haldan "to tend"), originally "to keep, tend, watch over" (as cattle), later "to have." Ancestral sense is preserved in behold. Holdup, in sense of "a stoppage," is 1837 in Amer.Eng.; sense of "stopping by force and robbing" is 1851, also in Amer.Eng., probably strengthened by notion of "holding up hands." To hold (one's) own is from c.1330. No holds barred "with all restrictions removed" is first recorded 1942 in theater jargon but is ultimately from wrestling. Phrase hold your horses "be patient" is from 1844. Hold out (v.) is from 1907. The original pp. holden was replaced by held beginning 16c., but survives in some legal jargon and in beholden.