English: grind

English verb 'grind' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to grind
Participle: ground
Gerund: grinding

Indicative

Present

Igrind
yougrind
he;she;itgrinds
wegrind
yougrind
theygrind

Perfect

Ihave ground; grinded
youhave ground; grinded
he;she;ithas ground; grinded
wehave ground; grinded
youhave ground; grinded
theyhave ground; grinded

Past

Iground
youground
he;she;itground
weground
youground
theyground

Pluperfect

Ihad ground; grinded
youhad ground; grinded
he;she;ithad ground; grinded
wehad ground; grinded
youhad ground; grinded
theyhad ground; grinded

Future

Iwill grind
youwill grind
he;she;itwill grind
wewill grind
youwill grind
theywill grind

Future perfect

Iwill have ground; grinded
youwill have ground; grinded
he;she;itwill have ground; grinded
wewill have ground; grinded
youwill have ground; grinded
theywill have ground; grinded

Subjunctive

Present

Igrind
yougrind
he;she;itgrind
wegrind
yougrind
theygrind

Perfect

Ihave ground; grinded
youhave ground; grinded
he;she;ithave ground; grinded
wehave ground; grinded
youhave ground; grinded
theyhave ground; grinded

Imperfect

Iground
youground
he;she;itground
weground
youground
theyground

Pluperfect

Ihad ground; grinded
youhad ground; grinded
he;she;ithad ground; grinded
wehad ground; grinded
youhad ground; grinded
theyhad ground; grinded

Conditional

Present

Iwould grind
youwould grind
he;she;itwould grind
wewould grind
youwould grind
theywould grind

Perfect

Iwould have ground; grinded
youwould have ground; grinded
he;she;itwould have ground; grinded
wewould have ground; grinded
youwould have ground; grinded
theywould have ground; grinded

Imperative

yougrind
weLet's grind
yougrind

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam grinding
youare grinding
he;she;itis grinding
weare grinding
youare grinding
theyare grinding

Perfect

Ihave been grinding
youhave been grinding
he;she;ithas been grinding
wehave been grinding
youhave been grinding
theyhave been grinding

Past

Iwas grinding
youwere grinding
he;she;itwas grinding
wewere grinding
youwere grinding
theywere grinding

Pluperfect

Ihad been grinding
youhad been grinding
he;she;ithad been grinding
wehad been grinding
youhad been grinding
theyhad been grinding

Future

Iwill be grinding
youwill be grinding
he;she;itwill be grinding
wewill be grinding
youwill be grinding
theywill be grinding

Future perfect

Iwill have been grinding
youwill have been grinding
he;she;itwill have been grinding
wewill have been grinding
youwill have been grinding
theywill have been grinding

Conditional

Present

Iwould be grinding
youwould be grinding
he;she;itwould be grinding
wewould be grinding
youwould be grinding
theywould be grinding

Perfect

Iwould have been grinding
youwould have been grinding
he;she;itwould have been grinding
wewould have been grinding
youwould have been grinding
theywould have been grinding

Verbs conjugated like grind

bind, fight, find, grind, overwind, rebind, regrind, unwind, wind,

Additional Information

Cf. Old English strong verb bindan (bind), grindan (grind) and windan (wind).

Etymology

O.E. grindan, forgrindan "destroy by crushing" (class III strong verb; past tense grand, pp. grunden), from P.Gmc. *grindanan (cf. Du. grenden), related to ground, from PIE *ghrendh- "crushing" (cf. L. frendere "to gnash the teeth," Gk. khondros "corn, grain," Lith. grendu "to scrape, scratch"). The noun sense "steady, hard work" first recorded 1851 in college student slang; the meaning "hard-working student" is Amer.Eng. slang from 1864. Grinder as a type of large sandwich is first recorded 1954. To keep one's nose to the grindstone was originally to get control of another and treat him harshly:
"This Text holdeth their noses so hard to the grindstone, that it clean disfigureth their Faces." [Frith, "Mirror to know Thyself," 1532]
The main modern (reflective) sense of "work hard" is from 1828.