Verbix logo rightheader

Old English Verb Conjugator

Old English is an extinct language which was spoken in England around year 900 (see: English periods). This germanic language is the predecessor of Middle English and modern English.

Conjugate an Old-English verb:
Fill in the infinitive. Don't use any capital letters!

Entering verbs

There was some nowadays obsolete characters in Old English. If you cannot input it on using WebConjugue for conjugating verbs, try the following:

To input: Enter: Example
æ aE laEtan equals lætan
þ tH tHurfan equals þurfan
ƿ w  

Initial was written th until about 900 in imitation of Latin. This new letter was borrowed from runic alphabet, and written or . On these pages only is used.

w does not occur in Old English manuscripts, but was represented by uu, u. Afterwards it was written with ƿ (wynn), borrowed from runic alphabet. Due to www limitations, w is used here as a notation for ƿ.

Old English verb groups

Old English verbs were grouped in two major groups: weak verbs and strong verbs. A third group contains some verbs not belonging to neither of those groups.

  • Weak verbs. Weak verbs form the majority of Old English verbs. They are divided in three classes according to the endings in the preterite.
  • Strong verbs. The denominative for string verbs were that there was a vowel shift called 'ablaut' in the root of the verb. Due to different vowel shifts, strong verbs were grouped in 6 categories. An additional category were used for reduplicated verbs.

*Read the entire article at WikiVerb

The English periods

English is divided roughly in the following periods:

Old English

700-1100

Transition Old English

1100-1200

Middle English

1200-1400

Transition Middle English

1400-1500

Modern English

1500-

Old English may be defined as the period of full endings, Middle English as the period with levelled endings and Modern English as the period of lost endings.

Due to this fact Old English always presents endings -- in the infinitive, as well. Modern English does not have any personal endings in the verbs, except in the 3rd person singular.