English: wind

English verb 'wind' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to wind
Participle: wound
Gerund: winding

Indicative

Present

Iwind
youwind
he;she;itwinds
wewind
youwind
theywind

Perfect

Ihave wound
youhave wound
he;she;ithas wound
wehave wound
youhave wound
theyhave wound

Past

Iwound
youwound
he;she;itwound
wewound
youwound
theywound

Pluperfect

Ihad wound
youhad wound
he;she;ithad wound
wehad wound
youhad wound
theyhad wound

Future

Iwill wind
youwill wind
he;she;itwill wind
wewill wind
youwill wind
theywill wind

Future perfect

Iwill have wound
youwill have wound
he;she;itwill have wound
wewill have wound
youwill have wound
theywill have wound

Subjunctive

Present

Iwind
youwind
he;she;itwind
wewind
youwind
theywind

Perfect

Ihave wound
youhave wound
he;she;ithave wound
wehave wound
youhave wound
theyhave wound

Imperfect

Iwound
youwound
he;she;itwound
wewound
youwound
theywound

Pluperfect

Ihad wound
youhad wound
he;she;ithad wound
wehad wound
youhad wound
theyhad wound

Conditional

Present

Iwould wind
youwould wind
he;she;itwould wind
wewould wind
youwould wind
theywould wind

Perfect

Iwould have wound
youwould have wound
he;she;itwould have wound
wewould have wound
youwould have wound
theywould have wound

Imperative

youwind
weLet's wind
youwind

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam winding
youare winding
he;she;itis winding
weare winding
youare winding
theyare winding

Perfect

Ihave been winding
youhave been winding
he;she;ithas been winding
wehave been winding
youhave been winding
theyhave been winding

Past

Iwas winding
youwere winding
he;she;itwas winding
wewere winding
youwere winding
theywere winding

Pluperfect

Ihad been winding
youhad been winding
he;she;ithad been winding
wehad been winding
youhad been winding
theyhad been winding

Future

Iwill be winding
youwill be winding
he;she;itwill be winding
wewill be winding
youwill be winding
theywill be winding

Future perfect

Iwill have been winding
youwill have been winding
he;she;itwill have been winding
wewill have been winding
youwill have been winding
theywill have been winding

Conditional

Present

Iwould be winding
youwould be winding
he;she;itwould be winding
wewould be winding
youwould be winding
theywould be winding

Perfect

Iwould have been winding
youwould have been winding
he;she;itwould have been winding
wewould have been winding
youwould have been winding
theywould have been winding

Verbs conjugated like wind

bind, fight, find, grind, overwind, rebind, regrind, unwind, wind,

Additional Information

Cf. Old English strong verb bindan (bind), grindan (grind) and windan (wind).

Etymology

"air in motion," O.E. wind, from P.Gmc. *wendas (cf. O.S., O.Fris., Du. wind, O.N. vindr, O.H.G. wind, Ger. Wind, Goth. winds), from PIE *went- (cf. Skt. vatah, Avestan vata-, Hittite huwantis, L. ventus, O.C.S. vetru, Lith. vejas "wind;" Lith. vetra "tempest;" O.Ir. feth "air;" Welsh gwynt, Bret. gwent "wind"), from base *we- "to blow" (cf. Skt. vati, Avestan vaiti "blows," Goth. waian, O.E. wawan, O.H.G. wajan, Ger. wehen, O.C.S. vejati "to blow"). Normal pronunciation evolution made this word rhyme with kind and rind (Donne rhymes it with mind), but shifted to a short vowel 18c., probably from influence of windy, where the short vowel is natural. A sad loss for poets, who now must rhyme it only with sinned and a handful of weak words. Symbolic of emptiness and vanity since c.1290.
"I have forgot much, Cynara! gone with the wind." [Ernest Dowson, 1896]
To get wind of "receive information about" is recorded from 1809, perhaps from Fr. avoir le vent de. Wind-chill index is recorded from 1939. The verb meaning "tire, put out of breath" is attested from 1811.