English: spoil

English verb 'spoil' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to spoil
Participle: spoilt; spoiled
Gerund: spoiling

Indicative

Present

Ispoil
youspoil
he;she;itspoils
wespoil
youspoil
theyspoil

Perfect

Ihave spoilt; spoiled
youhave spoilt; spoiled
he;she;ithas spoilt; spoiled
wehave spoilt; spoiled
youhave spoilt; spoiled
theyhave spoilt; spoiled

Past

Ispoilt; spoiled
youspoilt; spoiled
he;she;itspoilt; spoiled
wespoilt; spoiled
youspoilt; spoiled
theyspoilt; spoiled

Pluperfect

Ihad spoilt; spoiled
youhad spoilt; spoiled
he;she;ithad spoilt; spoiled
wehad spoilt; spoiled
youhad spoilt; spoiled
theyhad spoilt; spoiled

Future

Iwill spoil
youwill spoil
he;she;itwill spoil
wewill spoil
youwill spoil
theywill spoil

Future perfect

Iwill have spoilt; spoiled
youwill have spoilt; spoiled
he;she;itwill have spoilt; spoiled
wewill have spoilt; spoiled
youwill have spoilt; spoiled
theywill have spoilt; spoiled

Subjunctive

Present

Ispoil
youspoil
he;she;itspoil
wespoil
youspoil
theyspoil

Perfect

Ihave spoilt; spoiled
youhave spoilt; spoiled
he;she;ithave spoilt; spoiled
wehave spoilt; spoiled
youhave spoilt; spoiled
theyhave spoilt; spoiled

Imperfect

Ispoilt; spoiled
youspoilt; spoiled
he;she;itspoilt; spoiled
wespoilt; spoiled
youspoilt; spoiled
theyspoilt; spoiled

Pluperfect

Ihad spoilt; spoiled
youhad spoilt; spoiled
he;she;ithad spoilt; spoiled
wehad spoilt; spoiled
youhad spoilt; spoiled
theyhad spoilt; spoiled

Conditional

Present

Iwould spoil
youwould spoil
he;she;itwould spoil
wewould spoil
youwould spoil
theywould spoil

Perfect

Iwould have spoilt; spoiled
youwould have spoilt; spoiled
he;she;itwould have spoilt; spoiled
wewould have spoilt; spoiled
youwould have spoilt; spoiled
theywould have spoilt; spoiled

Imperative

youspoil
weLet's spoil
youspoil

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam spoiling
youare spoiling
he;she;itis spoiling
weare spoiling
youare spoiling
theyare spoiling

Perfect

Ihave been spoiling
youhave been spoiling
he;she;ithas been spoiling
wehave been spoiling
youhave been spoiling
theyhave been spoiling

Past

Iwas spoiling
youwere spoiling
he;she;itwas spoiling
wewere spoiling
youwere spoiling
theywere spoiling

Pluperfect

Ihad been spoiling
youhad been spoiling
he;she;ithad been spoiling
wehad been spoiling
youhad been spoiling
theyhad been spoiling

Future

Iwill be spoiling
youwill be spoiling
he;she;itwill be spoiling
wewill be spoiling
youwill be spoiling
theywill be spoiling

Future perfect

Iwill have been spoiling
youwill have been spoiling
he;she;itwill have been spoiling
wewill have been spoiling
youwill have been spoiling
theywill have been spoiling

Conditional

Present

Iwould be spoiling
youwould be spoiling
he;she;itwould be spoiling
wewould be spoiling
youwould be spoiling
theywould be spoiling

Perfect

Iwould have been spoiling
youwould have been spoiling
he;she;itwould have been spoiling
wewould have been spoiling
youwould have been spoiling
theywould have been spoiling

Verbs conjugated like spoil

burn, dream, enwrap, inwrap, lean, leap, learn, relearn, spoil, unwrap, wrap,

Additional Information

From Old French spolier (← latin: spoliare). Associated with Old English spillen.
Spoil in the sense of 'plunder' is regular.

Phrasal Verbs

Etymology

c.1300, from O.Fr. espoillier "to strip, plunder," from L. spoliare "to strip of clothing, rob," from spolium "armor stripped from an enemy, booty;" originally "skin stripped from a killed animal," from PIE *spol-yo-, perhaps from base *spel- "to split, to break off" (cf. Gk. aspalon "skin, hide," spolas "flayed skin;" Lith. spaliai "shives of flax;" O.C.S. rasplatiti "to cleave, split;" M.L.G. spalden, O.H.G. spaltan "to split;" Skt. sphatayati "splits"). Sense of "to damage so as to render useless" is from 1563; that of "to over-indulge" (a child, etc.) is from 1648 (implied in spoiled). Intransitive sense of "to go bad" is from 1692. To be spoiling for (a fight, etc.) is from 1865, from notion that one will "spoil" if he doesn't get it. The noun meaning "goods captured in time of war" is from c.1300. Spoiler "one who ruins an opponent's chances" is from 1950. Spoil-sport attested from 1801.