English: ring

English verb 'ring' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to ring
Participle: rung
Gerund: ringing

Indicative

Present

Iring
youring
he;she;itrings
wering
youring
theyring

Perfect

Ihave rung
youhave rung
he;she;ithas rung
wehave rung
youhave rung
theyhave rung

Past

Irang
yourang
he;she;itrang
werang
yourang
theyrang

Pluperfect

Ihad rung
youhad rung
he;she;ithad rung
wehad rung
youhad rung
theyhad rung

Future

Iwill ring
youwill ring
he;she;itwill ring
wewill ring
youwill ring
theywill ring

Future perfect

Iwill have rung
youwill have rung
he;she;itwill have rung
wewill have rung
youwill have rung
theywill have rung

Subjunctive

Present

Iring
youring
he;she;itring
wering
youring
theyring

Perfect

Ihave rung
youhave rung
he;she;ithave rung
wehave rung
youhave rung
theyhave rung

Imperfect

Irang
yourang
he;she;itrang
werang
yourang
theyrang

Pluperfect

Ihad rung
youhad rung
he;she;ithad rung
wehad rung
youhad rung
theyhad rung

Conditional

Present

Iwould ring
youwould ring
he;she;itwould ring
wewould ring
youwould ring
theywould ring

Perfect

Iwould have rung
youwould have rung
he;she;itwould have rung
wewould have rung
youwould have rung
theywould have rung

Imperative

youring
weLet's ring
youring

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam ringing
youare ringing
he;she;itis ringing
weare ringing
youare ringing
theyare ringing

Perfect

Ihave been ringing
youhave been ringing
he;she;ithas been ringing
wehave been ringing
youhave been ringing
theyhave been ringing

Past

Iwas ringing
youwere ringing
he;she;itwas ringing
wewere ringing
youwere ringing
theywere ringing

Pluperfect

Ihad been ringing
youhad been ringing
he;she;ithad been ringing
wehad been ringing
youhad been ringing
theyhad been ringing

Future

Iwill be ringing
youwill be ringing
he;she;itwill be ringing
wewill be ringing
youwill be ringing
theywill be ringing

Future perfect

Iwill have been ringing
youwill have been ringing
he;she;itwill have been ringing
wewill have been ringing
youwill have been ringing
theywill have been ringing

Conditional

Present

Iwould be ringing
youwould be ringing
he;she;itwould be ringing
wewould be ringing
youwould be ringing
theywould be ringing

Perfect

Iwould have been ringing
youwould have been ringing
he;she;itwould have been ringing
wewould have been ringing
youwould have been ringing
theywould have been ringing

Verbs conjugated like ring

begin, countersink, drink, ring, sink, swim,

Additional Information

Etymology

O.E. hring "circular band," from P.Gmc. *khrengaz (cf. O.N. hringr, O.Fris. hring, Ger. Ring), lit. "something curved," from PIE base *(s)ker- "to turn, bend" (cf. L. curvus "bent, curved," crispus "curly;" O.C.S. kragu "circle," and perhaps Gk. kirkos "ring," koronos "curved"). Meaning "place for prize fight and wrestling bouts" (c.1330) is from the space in a circle of bystanders in which such contests were once held (ringside is attested from 1866). Meaning "combination of interested persons" is from 1829. The verb meaning "to make a circle around" is O.E. ymbhringan. The circus ringmaster is recorded from 1873. Tree ring is from 1671; fairy ring is from 1626. Nursery rhyme ring a ring a rosie, is attested in an American form (with a different ending) from c.1790. "The belief that the rhyme originated with the Great Plague is now almost universal, but has no evidence to support it and is almost certainly nonsense" ["Oxford Dictionary of English Folklore"]. This connection only dates to the 1960s.