English: lean

English verb 'lean' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to lean
Participle: leant; leaned
Gerund: leaning

Indicative

Present

Ilean
youlean
he;she;itleans
welean
youlean
theylean

Perfect

Ihave leant; leaned
youhave leant; leaned
he;she;ithas leant; leaned
wehave leant; leaned
youhave leant; leaned
theyhave leant; leaned

Past

Ileant; leaned
youleant; leaned
he;she;itleant; leaned
weleant; leaned
youleant; leaned
theyleant; leaned

Pluperfect

Ihad leant; leaned
youhad leant; leaned
he;she;ithad leant; leaned
wehad leant; leaned
youhad leant; leaned
theyhad leant; leaned

Future

Iwill lean
youwill lean
he;she;itwill lean
wewill lean
youwill lean
theywill lean

Future perfect

Iwill have leant; leaned
youwill have leant; leaned
he;she;itwill have leant; leaned
wewill have leant; leaned
youwill have leant; leaned
theywill have leant; leaned

Subjunctive

Present

Ilean
youlean
he;she;itlean
welean
youlean
theylean

Perfect

Ihave leant; leaned
youhave leant; leaned
he;she;ithave leant; leaned
wehave leant; leaned
youhave leant; leaned
theyhave leant; leaned

Imperfect

Ileant; leaned
youleant; leaned
he;she;itleant; leaned
weleant; leaned
youleant; leaned
theyleant; leaned

Pluperfect

Ihad leant; leaned
youhad leant; leaned
he;she;ithad leant; leaned
wehad leant; leaned
youhad leant; leaned
theyhad leant; leaned

Conditional

Present

Iwould lean
youwould lean
he;she;itwould lean
wewould lean
youwould lean
theywould lean

Perfect

Iwould have leant; leaned
youwould have leant; leaned
he;she;itwould have leant; leaned
wewould have leant; leaned
youwould have leant; leaned
theywould have leant; leaned

Imperative

youlean
weLet's lean
youlean

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam leaning
youare leaning
he;she;itis leaning
weare leaning
youare leaning
theyare leaning

Perfect

Ihave been leaning
youhave been leaning
he;she;ithas been leaning
wehave been leaning
youhave been leaning
theyhave been leaning

Past

Iwas leaning
youwere leaning
he;she;itwas leaning
wewere leaning
youwere leaning
theywere leaning

Pluperfect

Ihad been leaning
youhad been leaning
he;she;ithad been leaning
wehad been leaning
youhad been leaning
theyhad been leaning

Future

Iwill be leaning
youwill be leaning
he;she;itwill be leaning
wewill be leaning
youwill be leaning
theywill be leaning

Future perfect

Iwill have been leaning
youwill have been leaning
he;she;itwill have been leaning
wewill have been leaning
youwill have been leaning
theywill have been leaning

Conditional

Present

Iwould be leaning
youwould be leaning
he;she;itwould be leaning
wewould be leaning
youwould be leaning
theywould be leaning

Perfect

Iwould have been leaning
youwould have been leaning
he;she;itwould have been leaning
wewould have been leaning
youwould have been leaning
theywould have been leaning

Verbs conjugated like lean

burn, dream, enwrap, inwrap, lean, leap, learn, relearn, spoil, unwrap, wrap,

Additional Information

Cf. Old English weak verb hleonian, hlinian (lean).

Etymology

O.E. hleonian "to bend, recline, lie down, rest," from P.Gmc. *khlinen (cf. O.S. hlinon, O.Fris. lena, M.Du. lenen, Ger. lehnen "to lean"), from PIE base *kli- "to lean, to incline" (cf. Skt. cri- "to lean;" O.Pers. cay "to lean;" L. clivus "declivity," inclinare "cause to bend," declinare "bend down, turn aside;" Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline"). Meaning "to incline the body against something for support" is c.1250. Fig. sense of "to trust for support" is from 1225. Sense of "to lean toward mentally, to favor" is from 1398. Colloquial to lean on "put pressure on" (someone) is first recorded 1960. Lean-to "a building whose rafters pitch against another building or wall" is from 1461.