English: keep

English verb 'keep' conjugated in all tenses

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Nominal Forms

Infinitive: to keep
Participle: kept
Gerund: keeping

Indicative

Present

Ikeep
youkeep
he;she;itkeeps
wekeep
youkeep
theykeep

Perfect

Ihave kept
youhave kept
he;she;ithas kept
wehave kept
youhave kept
theyhave kept

Past

Ikept
youkept
he;she;itkept
wekept
youkept
theykept

Pluperfect

Ihad kept
youhad kept
he;she;ithad kept
wehad kept
youhad kept
theyhad kept

Future

Iwill keep
youwill keep
he;she;itwill keep
wewill keep
youwill keep
theywill keep

Future perfect

Iwill have kept
youwill have kept
he;she;itwill have kept
wewill have kept
youwill have kept
theywill have kept

Subjunctive

Present

Ikeep
youkeep
he;she;itkeep
wekeep
youkeep
theykeep

Perfect

Ihave kept
youhave kept
he;she;ithave kept
wehave kept
youhave kept
theyhave kept

Imperfect

Ikept
youkept
he;she;itkept
wekept
youkept
theykept

Pluperfect

Ihad kept
youhad kept
he;she;ithad kept
wehad kept
youhad kept
theyhad kept

Conditional

Present

Iwould keep
youwould keep
he;she;itwould keep
wewould keep
youwould keep
theywould keep

Perfect

Iwould have kept
youwould have kept
he;she;itwould have kept
wewould have kept
youwould have kept
theywould have kept

Imperative

youkeep
weLet's keep
youkeep

Progressive (Continuous) Forms

Indicative

Present

Iam keeping
youare keeping
he;she;itis keeping
weare keeping
youare keeping
theyare keeping

Perfect

Ihave been keeping
youhave been keeping
he;she;ithas been keeping
wehave been keeping
youhave been keeping
theyhave been keeping

Past

Iwas keeping
youwere keeping
he;she;itwas keeping
wewere keeping
youwere keeping
theywere keeping

Pluperfect

Ihad been keeping
youhad been keeping
he;she;ithad been keeping
wehad been keeping
youhad been keeping
theyhad been keeping

Future

Iwill be keeping
youwill be keeping
he;she;itwill be keeping
wewill be keeping
youwill be keeping
theywill be keeping

Future perfect

Iwill have been keeping
youwill have been keeping
he;she;itwill have been keeping
wewill have been keeping
youwill have been keeping
theywill have been keeping

Conditional

Present

Iwould be keeping
youwould be keeping
he;she;itwould be keeping
wewould be keeping
youwould be keeping
theywould be keeping

Perfect

Iwould have been keeping
youwould have been keeping
he;she;itwould have been keeping
wewould have been keeping
youwould have been keeping
theywould have been keeping

Verbs conjugated like keep

creep, feel, keep, lose, oversleep, sleep, sweep, weep,

Additional Information

Etymology

late O.E. cepan "to seize, hold," also "to observe," from P.Gmc. *kopijanan, but with no certain connection to other languages. It possibly is related to O.E. capian "to look," from P.Gmc. *kap- (cepan was used c.1000 to render L. observare), which would make the basic sense "to keep an eye on."
"The word prob. belongs primarily to the vulgar and non-literary stratum of the language; but it comes up suddenly into literary use c.1000, and that in many senses, indicating considerable previous development." [OED]
Meaning "financially support and privately control" (usually in ref. to mistresses) is from 1560. The noun meaning "innermost stronghold of a tower" is from 1586, perhaps a translation of It. tenazza, with a notion of "that which keeps" (someone or something); the sense of "food required to keep a person or animal" is attested from 1801. Keepsake is first recorded 1790, on model of namesake; thus an object kept for the sake of the giver. For keeps "completely, for good" is Amer.Eng. colloquial, from 1861. Keeper "one who has charge of some person or thing, warden" is from c.1300; sense of "one who carries on some business" is from c.1440.